Surgery for diabetes / Diabetes surgery in Mohali Punjab-Dr. Amit Garg | Fortis Hospital (Mohali)


Surgery for diabetes / Diabetes surgery in Mohali Punjab-Dr. Amit Garg | Fortis Hospital (Mohali)

Chandigarh 02 March 24: To Create awareness on “World Obesity Day & Health Hazards from Obesity”a team of Doctors from Ivy Hospital Mohali, addressed the media person today. Present on the occasion were Dr Amit Garg Senior Consultant Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery and Dr Arunanshu Behera Director GI Surgery, General Surgery, HBP & Liver Transplant for Ivy Hospital Mohali. Speaking on the occasion Dr Amit Garg said, “A recent study puts an alarming 70 percent of India’s urban population in the obese or overweight bracket taking the country right in the middle of a fat explosion.”

Dr Amit Garg shared that according to a study published in the noted journal Lancet, India is just behind US and China in this global hazard list of top 10 countries with highest number of obese people. Also as per a recent report Obesity’s global costs hit $2 trillion a year. 30 million of India’s adult population is either overweight or obese and 62 million diabetic Indians exhibit unique features of obesity like excess body fat, abdominal adiposity, increased subcutaneous( under Skin) and intra-abdominal fat, and deposition of fat in ectopic sites (such as liver, muscle, and others). Obesity is a major driver for the widely prevalent type-2 diabetes& other commonly associated diseases are Obstructive sleep apnea, Osteoarthritis, Low self-esteem, Depression, Menstrual irregularities, Infertility, Hernias, Cancers, and Heart Failure.

Speaking on This occasion Dr Arunanshu Behera Said “It is a common myth that, “Obesity is a rich man’s disease”. In reality, obesity is not only caused due to over-eating, but also due to adopting wrong eating habits. Therefore, obesity can affect both rich and poor altogether. Losing even 5-10 percent of your weight can delay or prevent some of the diseases discussed above. These results can often come from fitness centers, dieticians and nutritionists. But, there are conditions when surgery alone is the best option to deal with obesity.

Enlightening about surgical options Dr Amit Garg said patients can undergo Bariatric surgeries that either restrict food intake or leading to decreased absorption of food that you eat. In Gastric Sleeve Gastrectomy, size of the stomach is reduced using staplers thus restricting intake. In Gastric Bypass surgery, the capacity of the stomach is reduced by stapling the intestines to create a smaller pocket of the stomach. These operations are done by laparoscopic surgery  and are keyhole surgeries. Bariatric surgery helps morbid obese patients to lose 60-70% of excess weight within one year post weight loss surgery. Patients those who undergo diabetes or metabolic surgery within five years of the onset of diabesity, there is a 90 to 95 per cent chance of them getting cured of type 2 diabetes. Dr Amit Garg also shared that Obesity is rising in India. So are weight-loss surgeries. About 20000 weight-loss surgeries were conducted in India in 2019, up from 800 just Ten years ago. India’s government now covers the cost of weight-loss surgeries for its 3 million government employees, making the procedure available for the not-so-rich as well. Also, now days almost all Insurance companies are also covering Bariatric Surgeries. As such lot of patient from Punjab, Haryana, J & K, Uttaranchal and abroad from Cananda, Australia and Middle East are coming to Tricity to get Bariatric surgery done

On this occasion, Dr Amit Garg said that Diabesity (diabetes + obesity) is prevalent in 60 per cent of diabetic patients in India, out of which around 25-30 per cent have a high BMI index of more than 30. Nearly half the world’s adults will be overweight or obese by 2030 should present trends continue. As the risk factors of Obesity & Diabetes increases, so does the mortality rate. He added, “The current scenario demands an immediate emphasis be laid on preventive healthcare. This involves raising awareness about the disease and its risk factors. Conducting public education programs, workshops, and counseling sessions for creating awareness at a mass level.

Dr Amit Garg, Bariatric, Metabolic & GI Surgeon, also shared about obesity & its side effects and also tips to reduce weight

Side effects of Obesity

  • Hypertension (High blood pressure)
  • High blood cholesterol (High amount of fat-like substance in body)
  • Heart diseases
  • Diabetes (high blood sugar level)
  • Gall bladder diseases (Gall bladder stones, pain in abdomen, etc)
  • Stroke (brain attack)
  • Osteoporosis (weakening of bones)
  • Cancer
  • Fatty liver (Accumulation of fat in liver)
  • Breathing disorders like Asthma (spasm in lungs), Bronchitis (inflammation of mucous membrane of lungs) and Sleep Apnea Syndrome (Stoppage of breathing during sleep due to compression of neck and closure of air passage to lungs)
  • Stress, anxiety, depression and mood changes.

Tips to reduce weight

  • Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables and less of fried foods.
  • Eat fiber rich foods like whole grains, pulses and sprouts in your diet.
  • Prefer to steam your vegetables rather than fry them.
  • Eat small meals every 2-3 hours regularly rather than consuming large meals.
  • Reduce the consumption of sugar, alcohol and fatty foods in your diet.
  • Prefer low-fat milk over high-fat milk.
  • Enrich your diet with proteins rather than carbohydrates and fats in order to reduce weight.
  • Exercise daily in order to keep your body weight under control.
  • Prefer to climb stairs rather than using elevators or escalators.
  • Avoid sitting in the same position for longer duration at your workplaces. Take short breaks frequently.
  • Engage in manual work through social service (shramdaan) in order to exercise your muscles as well as contribute to society.
  • Lose weight gradually. Avoid aggressive weight Losing Diets.

The WHO definition is: a BMI greater than or equal to 25 is overweight a BMI greater than or equal to 30 is obesity.

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