Obesity is a chronic disease caused because of long-term positive energy balance; the intake of calories is more than the expenditure of energy. This results in progressive accumulation of body fat that might have a negative effect on the health.
HOW DO WE MEASURE OBESITY?
Body Mass Index (BMI) is the most common method of measuring obesity. BMI is calculated by dividing body weight (Kilograms) by height in (meters) 2
BMI = Weight in Kilograms / Height in (meter) squared
GRADING OR CLASSIFICATION OF OBESITY
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH OBESITY
Obesity is not just a cosmetic problem. It’s recently recognized as a chronic disease and can further lead to a number of comorbidities such as-
Type II Diabetes
A blood sugar which can further cause serious damage to various vital organs of the body.
It is defined as high pressure in arteries, which are the vessels that carry blood from heart to rest of the body. This is caused due to deposition of cholesterol in the layers of blood vessels.
It is now recognized that knee osteoarthritis exists in the highly metabolic and inflammatory environments of adiposity. Cytokines associated with adipose tissue, including leptin, adiponectin, and resistin, influence osteoarthritis though direct joint degradation or control of local inflammatory processes. It is further strongly related to the co-existence of disordered glucose and lipid metabolism.
Excess fat deposits in the neck cause intermittent obstruction of the air passage during sleep when neck muscles are relaxed, leading to interrupted sleep. This results in daytime drowsiness and headache. With increasing obesity, sleep apnea can contribute to the development obesity hypoventilation syndrome and frank respiratory failure.
Raised intra-abdominal pressure in obesity causes heartburn, acid regurgitation, chest pain, dysphagia and dyspepsia. Patients with these symptoms are associated with risk of developing Barrett’s esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma.
Repeated failure with dieting and exercise, disapproval from family and constant struggle against obesity puts immense mental strain, pushing the patient into depression.
Obesity can affect fertility by causing hormonal imbalances and problems with ovulation, particularly for obese women having first baby. Obesity is associated with poly cystic ovarian disease (PCOD); a common cause of infertility.
Excess fat in body can have harmful effects by producing hormone and growth factor that affects the way cell works. Insulin and leptin are all elevated in obese people and can promote growth of cancer cells.
Most common type of cancers associated with obesity are-:
It is a medical condition that negatively affects the health and well being of children and adolescents. It occurs when a child is well above the normal weight for his or her age and height. Health risks involved with childhood obesity include
Proactive measures should be taken at an early stage to prevent your child from hitting the morbid obesity and Co-morbidities
Medical weight-loss management at CODSILS includes therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLC).
The lifestyle changes are all about diet, exercise, behavior modification, evaluation and medication if required.
Dietician will help you achieving your desired goals by planning your daily diet intake that meets your nutritional and weight-loss needs which fits your lifestyle.
Daily dose of physical activity at least 40-45min/days should be encouraged. Each patient will receive an exercise program that is customized to your needs and current fitness levels
A healthy lifestyle promotes healthy behavior. It includes alteration of bad habits like excessive drinking and smoking. There should be balanced diet which must include increased fiber intake like fruits and vegetables, targeting on whole grains to increase daily soluble and insoluble fiber. Dietician will plan diet charts for every patient individually depending upon age, disease, eating habits, BMI etc. Our diet plan will include specials diets like DASH diet (for hypertensive patients), weight loss diets, pre and post-surgical diets.
You will have an evaluation for all obesity related diseases and your treatment will include continual monitoring of relevant data.
In reality, failure to lose weight with dieting, exercise or life style modification can lead to frustration, depression, loss of self-confidence, and in many cases serious health issues. Fortunately, for many in this situation, weight loss through bariatric surgery may be an option. Determining whether you may be a candidate for bariatric surgery is a process that requires serious discussions with your doctor and you’re your family.
Weight Loss Simplified Excess weight affects life and prevents us from enjoying day to day activities….